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Topography of Orissa

Geographical Map of Orissa

Location

Orissa is one of the 27 States of the Republic of India. It is located between the parallels of 17.49'N and 22.34'N latitudes and meridians of 81.27'E and 87.29'E longitudes. It is bounded by the Bay of Bengal on the east; Madhya Pradesh on the west and Andhra Pradesh on the south. It has a coast line of about 450 kms. It extends over an area of 155,707 square kms that constitutes about 4.87% of the total land area of India. According to the 1991 census, it has a total population of 31,512,070 (3.73 percent of the total population of India) out of which about 16,237,000 are male and 15,275,070 are female.

Relief of orissa

On the basis of homogeneity, continuity and physiographical characteristics, Orissa has been divided into five major morphological regions: