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About Puri

map of Puri district of orissaSituated between 19’28 N & 26’35 N Latitude and 84’29 E and 86’25 E Longititude and covering an area of 3051 sq.km, Puri is one of the developed distrits of Orissa. Known worldwide for the Jagannath temple and the Sun temple of Konark, Puri is famous for historic antiquities, religious sanctuaries and seascape beauty alike.

Geography of Puri

Due to its Geographical location of proximity to the Sea, Puri enjoys an equitable climate through out the year.It enjoys a minimum of 13.9°C and maximum of 37°C.

The whole of the district may be divided into two dissimilar natural divisions

  • The littoral tract
  • The level alluvial tract

The littoral Tract: The strip of the country lies between the alluvial and the Bay of Bengal. It assumes the form of a bear which stretches along the sea- shore for the full length of the district , varying from 6.5 Km. to a few hundred metres. Accumulations of wind blown sand give rise to ridges parallel to the coast. It forms the dividing line between the Chilika lake and the ocean.

The Level Alluvial Tract This level of alluvial region is full of villages and rice fields,watered by a network of channels, through which the water of distributaries of the most southerly branch of Mahanadi , find their way to the sea. There is no hill in Puri District .Generally biali or autumn rice, sarada or winter rice and dalua or spring rice these three types of rice are cultivated.

Puri has a long coastline of nearly 150.4 Km.Sandy ridges are formed along the sea coast that stretch upto jagatsinghpur and Ganjam.These ridges vary from about 7 km to a few metres in width and mostly prevent most of the rivers from finding way into the ocean.Strangely there are no islands along the coastal area barring a few islands that separate the Chilika lake from Bayof Bengal.

Puri is drained by a number of rivers, mostly the distributaries of Mahanadi. These include

  • Kushabhadra
  • Daya
  • Bhargabi
  • Kadua
  • Prachi

All these rivers have a common characteristic of being hot beds of sand in summer with tiny streams of water.They however turn into mighty streams of water in the monsoons receiving more water than they can carry. As a result occurrence of floods in these rivers during monsoons is a common feature.