Large Scale Heavy Industries in Orissa
The large scale heavy industry segment include the industrial units that need massive capital investment and include iron and steel industry, aluminum, cement, ferromanganese, Ferro-chrome, galvanized pipe units, steel rolling mills, fertilizer plants and thermal and power projects.
Cement is the most important constituent of the building materials. Orissa has 2.224 billion tons of proven limestone reserves (Cement grade limestone & clay form the raw material for the production of cement). Also the substantial production of BF slag and Fly Ash ensure that quality blended cement are also produced in Orissa. One of the earliest cement factory to have started operations in the state was the factory at Rajgangpur, named as the Orissa Cement Ltd., that was established in pursuance of an agreement in December 1948, between the state of Orissa and M/s Dalmia Jain Agencies Ltd. This factory is raw material based and gets its supplies from the Raibaga, Rajgapur and Panposh area. There is another cement factory located in the adjoining district of Sambalpur at Bardol near Bargarh which is run by the Industrial Development Corporation of Orissa (IDCO) named the ‘The Hira cement Works’. These two factories have a proven annual capacity of 771,000 tones. Another cement factory has been established at Rourkela that is based on slag from the steel plant and produces blended cement. Another cement factory is operating at Hirakud based on cement grade limestone from the nearby regions.
The major cement units in Orissa are ACC – IDCOL, Ultra Tech – Grasim, Shiva Cement, Chariot Cement, Sita Cement, OCL India, etc. Besides, a few proposals of Grasim, ASO Cement besides the expansion of Chariot Cement, ACC, etc are the project developments in the region. Three MOUs have been signed for 5 mtpa capacity addition in cement making utilizing fly ash and blast furnace slag through Greenfield projects by Grasim & ASO Cement & Brownfield expansion by Orissa Cement Limited.
Indian Rare Earths Limited
Set up at by the Atomic Energy Commission in the Gopalpur in 1978, the Indian rare Earths Limited extracts Titanium from the beaches of Goplapur. The company that produces 4.5 lakh tonnes of ilmenite and other associated minerals in the sandy beaches of Goplapur is slated to increase the production to 6.5 lakh tones shortly and further to one million tones in a couple of years with an investment of Rs. 50 Crore. IREL is also focusing on the strategic activities connected with the atomic energy program in this unit in Gopalpur. A monazite processing plant with an investment of Rs 90 crore to produce rare earth chemicals and recover thorium and uranium will also commence operation in the Goplapur plant.
Ceramic Glass and Refractory Units
Ceramic industry specializes in the production of glass. The raw material needed in this industry for the production of glass is silica, soda, and limestone. Coloring agents like chromite and cobalt are also used.
Ceramic Glass refractory units are located in Khansbahal in Sambalpur, Rajgangpur near Rourkela in the Sundargarh district and Latikata in Sundargarh. While other refractories are also present in Rourkela, Belpahad and Jahrmigudi. The ceramic plant by OCL in Rajgangpur is the largest in the state followed by Manishree Refractories and ceramics of Khansbahal and the Orissa Industries Limited (OIL) at Lathikata . These three refractories meet most of the demand for glass of the state.
Mineral Based Industries in Orissa
Steel Industries in Orissa
With over 25% of India's iron ore reserves, Orissa accounts for over 10% of India's steel production capacity and has a crucial advantage in the iron & steel industry. Further, the presence of seaports in the state makes exports and imports cost effective and more competitive. The government has been taking steps to promote the iron & steel industry in the state. Prominent players present in Orissa's steel industry are SAIL and Neelachal Ispat Nigam limited. Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP), the first integrated steel plant in the Public Sector in India, was set up with German collaboration with an installed capacity of 1 million tonnes. The plant has a capacity to produce 1.9 million tonnes of crude steel and was expanded and modernized in the mid 1990,s.. Its another unit is located in Barbil in Keonjhar. The other iron industry of the state is located at Barbil in Keonjhar district. Nilachal Ispat Nigam Limited has a fully operational steel plant at Duburi in Jajpur district. Jinadal Steel plant in Jharsuguda.
The government of Orissa has signed MOU for setting up as many as 52 steel plants in the state as early as 2005..Many of these are operational now are waiting completion in the near future. Mentioned below is a list of these: