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Orissa Industrial Scenario

Introduction

Orissa occupies an important position both in terms of deposit and production of many minerals. Vast and diverse mineral deposits of iron ore, coal and aluminium make Orissa one of the largest minerals bearing States in India. In fact the state boasts of 16.92% of the total reserves of the country. Mineral reserve of Orissa in respect of Chromite, Nickel ore, Graphite, Bauxite, Iron ore, Manganese and Coal is about 97.37%, 95.10%, 76.67%, 49.74%, 33.91%, 28.56% and 27.59% respectively of the total deposits in India. Mentioned here in is a list showing the different minerals found in the state and their estimated reserves:

Sl.

Ore/Mineral

Total reserves in 2004-05 (billion tones)

Exploitataion

 

 

 

2003-04

2004-05

1

Iron Ore

4177

34.89

46.06

2

Chromite

111

2.88

3.42

3

Coal

60983

60.2

66.82

4

Bauxite

1530

4.94

4.91

5

Lime stone

2224

2.24

2.26

6

Dolomite

882

1.27

1.36

7

Fire Clay

177

0.06

0.16

8

Nickel Ore

175

-

-

9

Quartz,quartzite & silica

93

0.14

0.16

10

Mineral sands

86

0.23

0.27

11

Graphite

4.6

0.03

0.04

12

Manganese ores

116

0.7

 

Types of Industries in Orissa

The entire industrial structure of the state can be divided into following categories