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About Malkangiri

Map of Malkangiri district of Orissa Situated between 17° 45' N to 18° 40' N Latidudes and 81° 10' E to 82° 00' E Longitude at a height of 641" (feet) form the sea level, Malkangiri covers a landmass of 5791 sq.km.It is one of the border district of Orissa and touches the frontiers of both Andhra Pradesh and Chttisgarh. In the east, Malkangiri is bounded by Koraput, Vishakapattnam and East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.On to its west, Malkangiri is bounded by Bastar district of Chatisgarh.Its the north is flanked by Koraput district and on to its south lie the East Godavari and Khamam district of Andhra Pradesh.The entire district is covered with hill tracts and dense forest cover.In fact 51.96% of the district is forest land only.It came into exisyence on 2nd October 1992 after being bifurcated from the erstwhile Koraput District .

Geography of Malkangiri

The district is divided into two distinct physical divisions.The eastern part is covered with steep Ghats,Platues,Valleys sparsely inhabited by primitive tribes like the Bondas,Koyas,Porajas and Didayis.The rest of the district is comparatively flat plain broken by a number of rocky wooded hills.Almost the whole of the district is a vast dense jungle.

Potteru,Saberi,Sileru,Kolab and Machhakunda are the main rivers flowing in the district. Most of the hills of the district hedge in the valley of the Machkunda throughout its sources,standing at about 1000 feet above the sea level. The plateau descends into the low-lying tracts of Malkangiri at about 900 feet height at the northen end and gradually falls away in the south-westerly direction to 150 feet high at Motu in the extreme south-western corner of the District. The highest point in the District is in the north-eastern corner, a few miles to the north of Duduma falls, at a height of 3,625. The rest of the District is a flat plain declining from an elevation of about 800 feet near Govindapalli in the north to under 400 feet in the extreme south. A number of rocky wooded hills break the monotony of the plain. A number of mountains and isolated hills such as the Tulasi at Mathili, the Shulia at Korukonda, the Chitrakuta at Chitrakonda, the Saptadhara at Govindapalli, the Vhima at Daniguda, the Danga at Tandiki, Deva Dangara or Goi at Malkangiri, the Akuru at Akuru and in the border the Golikonda at Bada Dural rise out of these tablelands. Black soil is predominant here.

The climate in the district is generally cold in the winter and hot in the summer with temperature ranging from 13°C to 47°C. The average annual rainfall is about 1700mm.Relative humadity is generally high especially in the monsoon and post-monsoon months. During the rainy season it becomes impassabaly swampy and heavy floods isolate it from the outer world.It lies within the malaria prone belt.

The soil formed by decomposition of forest leaves and grass is good for cultivation.Also sandy and clayey soils can be found in the lowlands.

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