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About Koraput

Map of Koraput district of OrissaSituated between 17.4oN to 20.7oN lattitude and 81.24.4oE to 84.2oE longitude, Koraput is a district placed in the hills amidst dense forests covering a landmass of 8379 sq.km.The district came to existence in 1st April 1936 with the organization of Orissa as a separate state. It has a history that is very old. The origin of the name 'koraput' is obscure.But theories suggest that it derives its name from Kora-Putti meaning "the hamlet of the nux-vomica" a tree that was once prevalent in the region. Another theory suggests that Koraput is the corrupted form of the word "Karaka pento", meaning "Hail-stone". While other folklore refers to koraput as named after Khora Naiko - a valiant warrior of Nandapur kingdom.Whatever be the past and nomenclature,Koraput remains one of the fabulous gift of nature with scenic beauty abound. Located among lush green forests, cascades and valleys, koraput is like a page out of a fairy tale that still remains in undiscovered paradise.

Geography of Koraput

Based at an altitude of 2900 sq.ft, Koraput enjoys a temeperate climate with a minimum temperature of 12°C in the summer and 38°C in the winter and an average annual rainfall of 1522mm.It is bounded in the east by Rayagada and Srikaklam(A.P) District, on the West by Bastar District (M.P.), on the North by Nowarangpur District and on the South: Vijayanagaram and Visakhapatnam District (A.P.) .

The entire landscape of the Koraput region can be divided into four distinct divisions each of which is separated by natural barriers as their respective limits. These are:

  • Rayagada Division, that consists of two fertile valleys of the Nagavali and the Vansadhara slopes rising from a height of 1,300' above the sea level near Ambadala and goingdown to 260' mean sea level at Gunupur.
  • The Koraput Division, that extends from Kasipur to the borders of Vizagpattam plains of Andhra Pradesh at an altitude of 3,000’ above sea level.
  • The Nabarangpur Division extends to Bastar in the west and is a plateau 2000' above the sea level. In the extreme norht-east of Nabarangpur however, there is a pocket known as the Pannabeda Mutha which is some 500' above sea level the lowest level from the rest of the plateau.
  • The Malkangiri Area forms the fourth natural division. A tract between the Ghats of 3,000 above MSL plateau where the valley of Machkund lies, inhabited by primitive tribes like Bonda, Porajas, Koyas and Didayis etc.

The rest of the division is a comparatively flat plain declining from an elevation of about 800' above sea level near Govindapalli in the North to under 400' sea level in the extreme South. During the rainy season it becomes swampy.