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About Keonjhar

Map of Keonjhar District of OrissaLying between 21o1'N and 22o10'N latitude and 85o11' E to 86o22' E longitude  Keonjhar covers an area of 8240 sq.km.It is a landlocked district flanked by the district of Mayurbhanj and Bhadrak in the east,Sundargarh and Angul in the west,Dhenkanal and Jajpur in the west and the state of Jharkhand to its north.This region is rich in natural resources as well as mineral resources .It has many water-falls, gorges, mountains,river valleys and forests along with being the bed of many mineral resources like iron and manganese..

Anthropologically, its two main tribes, namely the Juangs and the Bhuyans carry a distinct and primitive past. The Juangs claim themselves to be the most ancient tribe of the worldand retain many aboriginal practices are still prevalent among them.Other tribes that dominate the region include the Santhal, the Oraons and the Mundas.

Geography of Keonjhar

Keonjhar district of Orissa has been divided into two natural regions. The National Highway-215 passes through Keonjhar bi-secting it into these two natural regions. To the East of this Highway are the planes of Anandapur and a portion of Sadar Sub-division. To the West is a range of lofty hills which contain some of the highest peaks of Orissa like Gandhamardan (3477 ft.), Mankadnacha (3639 ft.), Gonasika ( 3219 ft.) and Thakurani ( 3003 ft.). About half of the area of this district i.e. 4043 sq.kms. is covered by forests of Northern tropical moist deciduous type and contains Sal, Asan, Piasal, etc. The river Baitarani originates in the Gonasika Hills and flows north touching the border of Singhbhum district of Bihar. It again flows towards the East entering Anandapur Sub-division and after that Bhadrak district. The soil is mostly red throughout the district and in the South there is a small patch of black cotton soil. The important minerals available in huge quantity in the district are Iron-ore, Manganese and Chromites.

The district consists of a compact area and its extreme length from north to south is nearly 145 km. The average breadth from East to West is about 65 km. It is divided into two widely dissimilar tracts-the lower Kendujhar and the upper Kendujhar. The former is a region of valleys and low lands, while the latter include mountainous highlands with a general slope from North to South. The highlands consist of clusters of rugged crags. The mountain tops appear from the low lands to be sharply ridged or peaked, but in reality they have extensive tablelands on their summits, fit both for pasture and for tillage. The average elevation in its central part is about 500m. At places, isolated hills rise abruptly from the plains. Most of the areas have a general elevation of over 600m which form the watershed of some rivers. The Baitarani River takes its rise in the hilly North Western division.

The climate of Keonjhardistrict in general is temperate although some areas become hot during the summers. The winters are generally very cold.Being engulfed with hills,Keonjhar enjoys a hospitable climate, cool almost through the year round.