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History of the Orissa Legislative Assembly

Orissa became a separate province on the 1st day of April, 1936 by the Government of India (Constitution of Orissa) Order, 1936.It was an important day in the history of the country because it was the first time a state had been carved on linguistic lines, a precedent that was used to demarcate different states in the country after it’s independence .The newly formed state comprised portions of the then Bihar and Orissa Province, Madras Presidency and the Central Provinces. The province of Orissa was placed under the personal Rule of the Governor till the end of March, 1937. An Advisory Council consisting of 20 people was formed to advise the Governor on the administration of the provinces.

1937 - First Pre-Independent Assembly of Orissa

(Under the Government of India Act, 1935)

Under the Government of India Act, 1935 the strength of the Orissa Legislative Assembly was fixed at 60 that included four nominated members. Election was held from the 18th to 23rd of January, 1937, under limited franchise for 60 seats. The congress having secured 36 seats came into majority and Shri Bishwanath Das was elected the leader to form the first ever elected government of the state. However, Under the directive of the Congress High Command, Shri Das expressed his inability to accept the invitation to form the Ministry, unless the Governor assured that "he would not use his special powers of interference or set aside the advice of Ministers in regard to constitutional activities”. The Governor was however not prepared to give such assurance in view of the constitutional provisions.

As the leader of the majority party refused to form Ministry and the Government was bent upon inaugurating the new constitutional scheme for provinces on scheduled time, the Governor appointed Shri Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo, the Maharaja of Paralakhemundi,as the Prime Minister of Orissa on the 1st April, 1937. Besides the Prime Minister, Mandhata Gorachand Patnaik and Maulavi Latifur Rahman were two other Ministers in the Council of Ministers.

After the Governor rendered an assurance, the political crisis was resolved and the interim Government resigned on the 13th July, 1937 and Shri Biswanath Das was appointed as the Prime Minister on the 19th July, 1937. The first Congress Ministry consisted of three Members; two other Ministers were Shri Nityananda Kanungo and Shri Bodharam Debate Members of the First Assembly were administered oath on the 26th and the 27th July, 1937. The first historic Session of this Assembly was held in the Ravenshaw College Hall, Cuttack on the 28th July, 1937. On the same day, Shri Mukunda Prasad Das and Shri Nanda Kishore Das were elected Speaker and Deputy Speaker, respectively. Babu Bichitrananda Das, a Member of the Assembly, conducted the election of Speaker.

The outbreak of the second world war and the British Government's decision to participate in it without having any discussion with the elected representatives led to natio wide protests by the Congress Government. As a mark of protests Congress Ministry, elected government functioning in different parts of the country, including Orissa resigned.Sri Bishwanath Das on the direction of the party high commands tendered his resignations to the Governor on 4th November, 1939.The Governor accepted the resignation and assumed direct responsibility for the administration of the province but the Assembly was kept under suspended animation. The Proclamation was revoked on the 23rd November, 1941.

A coalition Ministry was sworn in on the 24th November, 1941 with Maharaja of Paralakhemundi as the Prime Minister and Pandit Godavarish Mishra and Maulavi Abdus Sobhan Khan as two other Members of the Council of Ministers. Due to difference of opinion among the partners in the coalition Government the Prime Minister resigned on the 20th June, 1944. However, the resignation of the Prime Minister and other Ministers were accepted on the 29th June, 1944 and from the 30th June, 1944, Orissa was placed under Governor’s Rule. Proclamation was revoked on the 23rd April 1946. The Assembly had altogether 10 sessions with 188 sitting days in all till it was dissolved on the 14th September, 1945. There was no separate Assembly Secretariat and its administration was put in charge of Law Department of the State Government.

1946 - Second Pre-Independent Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The election for the Second Provincial Assembly was held under limited franchise from the 4th April to 9th April, 1946. The newly elected members were administered oath on the 27th May, 1946 and the Assembly met for its First Session on the same day in the Ravenshaw College Hall, Cuttack. The Congress Party won 47 seats including 36 seats uncontested.The total number of seats were 60 and 4 of them were Nominated Members who were appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab was elected leader of the Congress Party and formed the Ministry on the 23rd April, 1946. Shri Nabakrishna Choudhury, Pandit Lingaraj Mishra, Shri Nityananda Kanungo and Shri Radhakrushna Biswasray were the other members of the Council of Ministers. Mr. Lal Mohan Patnaik and Smt. A Laxmibai were elected as Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively on the 29th May, 1946. Shri Lakshminarayan Sahu a Member of the Assembly conducted the election of the Speaker. Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab continued to hold this post ubtil 12th of May 1950 when he resigned to join as a cabinet Minister in the Central Government. Shri Nabakrushna Choudhury took over as the Chief Minister on the same day.

On 1st January, 1948, 25 princely States merged in the province of Orissa. In pursuance of the provisions of the Administration of Orissa Order, an Assembly for Orissa States called "Orissa State Assembly" was constituted with 36 members. These included 31 Members appointed by the Provincial Government from the merged States and five ex-officio Members namely, the Prime Minister of Orissa, three Members of the Executive Council constituted under the said order to aid and advise the Governor in the administration of the princely States and the Chief Administrator and Special Commissioner.

After the final merger of princely States with Orissa the seats in the Legislative Assembly was increased from 60 to 91 w.e.f. from the first day of August, 1949 under the States Merger (Governor's Provinces) Order, 1949. On the 9th September 1949 the Governor-General of India nominated 31 persons to fill the additional seats in the Orissa Provincial Legislative Assembly to represent the people of the states or group of states. Thus during the period two Assemblies were functioning, viz., the Orissa Provincial Assembly and the Orissa States Assembly.

On the 30th September, 1946, a motion was adopted in the Assembly to shift the Capital of Orissa from Cuttack to Bhubaneswar. In the year 1948, a separate department was formed for the administration of Assembly affairs under the Administrative control of the Home Department of Government of Orissa. After merger of princely States and inclusion of 31 representatives from the States, the historic session was held in the New Capital at Bhubaneswar for the three days on 10th, 11th and 12th October, 1949 after which it shifted back to Cuttack. The Assembly had altogether 14 sessions with 224 sitting days and it was dissolved on the 20th February, 1952.

1952 - First Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

(under the constitution of India)

Under the Constitution of India, the strength of the Orissa Legislative Assembly was raised to 140. The first General Election on the basis of the universal adult franchise was held from 20th December, 1951 to 24th January, 1952 for 36 days. The strength of the political parties in the First Assembly in 1952 was as follows:


Congress 67
Ganatantra Parishad 31
Socialist Party 10
Communist Party 7
Forward Block (M) 1
Independents 24
           &nb sp;            Total            &nbs p;  140

The Members of the First Assembly took oath on the 4th March, 1952. Raja Shri Sailendra Narayana Bhanja Deo, a Member of the Assembly administered oath to the Members. The First Session of the Assembly was held on the same day in New Capital, Bhubaneswar in the building which is now known as Sardar Patel Hall. Shri Nabakrushna Choudhury as the Leader of the majority party became the Chief Minister on 20th February, 1952. Shri Nabakrushna Choudhury resigned on the 19th October, 1956 and Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab was appointed as the Chief Minister on the same day. Shri Shradhakar Supakar of Ganatantra Parishad was the Leader of the Opposition of the First Assembly. The First Assembly had all total 9 sessions with 356 sitting days and it was dissolved on 4th March, 1957. Shri Nanda Kishore Das and Maulavi Mahammed Hanif were elected Speaker on the 6th March, 1952 and the Deputy Speaker on the 8th March, 1952, respectively.

1957 - Second Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election for the Second Assembly was held from the 24th February, 1957 to the 12th March, 1957. The elected members took oath on the 10th and 11th April, 1957. Shri Nanda Kishore Das, Speaker of the Assembly, administered oath to the Members. The First Session was summoned to meet on the 27th May, 1957. There was a demand to separate the administrative control of Assembly from Home Department. On the 11th December, 1957 as a result of a point of privilege raised in the Assembly, a committee was formed by the House to give a final report. In 1958, Assembly Department was declared a separate Secretariat (Vide Home Department Order No.20359—A, dated the 26th September, 1958).

The party position of the Second Assembly in 1957 was as follows:


Congress 56
Gantantra Parishad 51
P.S.P 11
C.P.I 9
Independents 13
Total 140

Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab as the Leader of the largest single party in the legislature was appointed Chief Minister on 6th April, 1957. Shri Rajendra Narayana Singh Deo was declared as the Leader of the Opposition. However, the Minority Government proved shaky and the Congress-Gantantra Parishad formed coalition Ministry on the 22nd May, 1959. The coalition Ministry resigned on the 21st February, 1961 due to differences in the Congress Party. President’s Rule was imposed for the first time in the State on 25th February, 1961. The Second Assembly had 7 sessions with 254 sitting days and it was dissolved on 25th February, 1961. Pandit Nilakantha Das was elected Speaker of the Assembly on 27th May, 1957 and Shri Jadumani Mangaraj was elected Deputy Speaker of the Assembly on 29th May, 1957. The tenure of Pandit Nilakantha Das as the Speaker is memorable because of the fact that it was he who drew the attention of the Government of India to the provision of the constitution "whenever the Assembly is dissolved, the Speaker shall not vacate his office until immediately before the first meeting of the Assembly after the dissolution". The Government of India agreed with his interpretation and allowed him to continue in office even after the dissolution of the Assembly. It has now been accepted by the Government of India in all cases of dissolution of the Assemblies in different States.

1961 – Third Assemblyof Orissa Legislative Council

Construction of a separate building for the Assembly at an estimate cost of Rs.25,00,000 with the plinth area of 47,000 Sq.ft. was completed in early part of 1961. The building was inaugurated by the then Vice-President of India Dr. S. Radhakrishnan on the 12th February, 1961. The Mid-term Election to the Third Assembly was held from the 2nd June to the 8th June, 1961.

The party position in the Third Assembly was as follows:


Congress 82
Gantantra Parishad 37
P.S.P 10
C.P.I 4
Independents 7
Total 140

The elected Members took oath on the 26th and 28th June, 1961. The Third Assembly held its First Session in the new building on the 21st August, 1961. As the Leader of the majority party, Shri Biju Patnaik became the Chief Minister and formed the Ministry on the 23rd June, 1961. Subsequently Shri Biren Mitra and Shri Sadasiva Tripathy became the Chief Minister on the 2nd October, 1963 and 21st February, 1965 respectively. Shri Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo was the Leader of the Opposition during this period. The Assembly had total 10 sessions with 335 sitting days and it was dissolved on the 1st March, 1967. Shri Lingaraj Panigrahi, the former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court was the Speaker and Shri Loknath Mishra was the Deputy Speaker.

1967 - Fourth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The election to the Fourth Assembly was held on the 21st February, 1967.

The Party position in the House was as follows:


Swatantra Party 49
Jana Congress 26
Indian National Congress 31
Praja Socialist Party 21
C.P.I 7
C.P.I.(M) 1
Samyukta Socialist Party 2
Independents 3
Total 140

The newly elected Members took oath on the 17th March, 1967. The First Session of the Assembly met on the 23rd March, 1967. Meanwhile Ganatantra Parishad had merged itself in the Swatantra Party of India. A new regional party, Jana Congress had come into being under the leadership of Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab. Both Swatantra and Jana Congress Party formed the Coalition Government with Shri R.N. Singh Deo, the Leader of the Swatantra Party, as the Chief Minister. Shri Sadasiva Tripathy, the Leader of Congress Party, was declared Leader of Opposition in the Fourth Assembly.

Due to difference between the parties the Coalition Government collapsed on 9th January, 1971. An anomalous situation of constitutional interest arose with the resignation of the Chief Minister. The Governor accepted the resignation of the Chief Minister with effect from 8-30 p.m. on 9th January, 1971. But the President’s Rule was imposed on 11th January, 1971. For a little more than one day the State was under the direct rule of the Governor, which caused a lot of controversy in those days. The Assembly was kept under suspended animation till dissolution on 23rd January, 1971. The Fourth Assembly had all total 10 sessions with 197 sitting days and it was dissolved on the 23rd January, 1971. Shri Nanda Kishore Mishra and Shri Harihara Bahinipati were the Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively. In 1969 there was split in the Congress Party into Congress (R) and Congress (O). A new regional party called "Utkal Congress" under the leadership of Shri Biju Patnaik was formed towards the end of this period.

1971 - Fifth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The mid-term election was held on the 5th March, 1971. The Party position in the Orissa Assembly as per the election result was as follows:


Indian National Congress 51
Swatantra Party 36
Utkal Congress 33
Praja Socialist Party 4
C.P.I 4
C.P.I.(M) 2
Indian National Congress(O) 1
Jana Congress 1
Jharkhand 4
Independents 4
Total 140

The elected members took oath on the 9th and 10th April 1971.The first session of the Fifth Assembly was summoned to meet on the 3rd May, 1971. Swatantra Party along with the new regional Party Utkal Congress formed the Coalition Ministry with Shri Biswanath Das as the Chief Minister. Shri Das was appointed Chief Minister on the 3rd April, 1971. As at the time of appointment Shri Das was not the member of the Assembly, he was elected subsequently from Rourkela Constituency in the bye-election as Independent candidate. Due to defection of large number of members from the ruling party the Government fell and Shri Biswanath Das resigned on the 14th June, 1972. Smt. Nandini Satpathy, the Leader of the Congress Party, formed the Government on the 14th June, 1972 and continued till 3rd March, 1973. At the time of her assumption of Office, Smt. Satpathy was not the member of the House. Subsequently she was elected from Cuttack City Constituency in a bye-election. From the 4th May, 1971 to the 14th June, 1972 Shri Binayak Acharya then the Leader of Congress (R) Party was the Leader of Opposition. Shri R. N. Singh Deo (Swatantra) became the Leader of Opposition on the 14th June, 1972 and continued till the 9th February, 1973. Again a new party named Pragati Legislature Party was formed with the Utkal Congress, Swatantra Party and others as its constituents and Shri Biju Patnaik, Leader of the Pragati Legislature Party became the Leader of the Opposition on the 9th February, 1973 and continued till the 3rd March, 1973. Defection from the Congress (R) Party led to fall of the Government leading to imposition of President’s Rule on the 3rd March, 1973.

The party position fluctuates with merger and counter merger, defection and counter defection during this period. Only five sessions with 97 sitting days were convened during the span of the Fifth Assembly and it was dissolved on the 3rd March, 1973. Shri Nanda Kishore Mishra and Shri Narayan Birabar Samanta were the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker respectively of the Fifth Assembly.

1974 - Sixth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The strength of the Sixth Assembly was increased from 140 to 147 after delimitation of constituencies. Election to the Sixth Assembly was held on the 24th February, 1974 and the Members of the Sixth Assembly took oath on the 11th March, 1974.Party position in the Sixth Assembly as per the election result was as follows :


Indian National Congress 69
Swatantra Party 21
Utkal Congress 35
Jharkhand 1
C.P.I 7
C.P.I.(M) 3
Jana Congress 1
Socialist Party 2
Independents 7
Vacant 1
Total 147

General Election to Chilka Assembly Constituency was not held as no nomination was filed. Smt. Nandini Satpathy, Leader of the Congress Party, formed the Ministry on the 6th March, 1974. Shri Biju Patnaik, Leader of Pragati Legislature Party was declared Leader of the Opposition on 19th March, 1974 and continued as such till the 10th December 1974.In the bye-election held on the 7th July, 1974, Shri Raghunath Ray, I.N.C. candidate was elected from the Chilka Assembly Constituency.Towards the end of 1974, Bharatiya Lok Dal, a new All-India Party came into being with the merger of seven parties including .Utkal Congress, Swatantra and S.S.P. On the 10th December, 1974, Pragati Legislature Party was renamed as Bharatiya Lok Dal Legislature Party and Shri Biju Patnaik as the Leader of the Bharatiya Lok Dal was declared Leader of Opposition. Shri Patnaik continued as such till 24th March, 1977.

The Janata Party was formed with the amalgamation of Bharatiya Lok Dal, Congress (O) and the Socialist Party in early 1977. On the 31st March, 1977 formation of the Janata Legislature Party was announced in the House and Shri Ram Prasad Mishra, Leader of Janata Legislature Party, was declared the Leader of Opposition and he continued to function as such till 30th April, 1977. Smt. Satpathy resigned on 16th December, 1976 and Orissa was placed under President’s Rule till 29th December, 1976, but the Assembly was kept under suspended animation. Shri Binayak Acharya was elected as the Leader of the Congress Party in place of Smt. Satpathy and became the Chief Minister of Orissa on 29th December, 1976 and continued as such till 30th April, 1977. The State was placed again under President’s Rule from 30th April, 1977 to 26th June, 1977. Shri Braja Mohan Mohanty was the Speaker and Shri Chintamani Jena was the Deputy Speaker of the Sixth Assembly.The Sixth Assembly had all total 9 sessions with 150 sitting days and it was dissolved on 30th April, 1977.

1977 - Seventh Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The election to the Seventh Assembly was held on the 10th June, 1977.The party position of the Seventh Assembly is given below as per the election result in the year 1977 :


Janata Dal 110
Congress 26
C.P.I 1
C.P.I.(M) 1
Independents 9
Total 147

Elected members took oath on the 29th June, 1977. The first session of the Seventh Assembly was summoned to meet on the 20th July, 1977. Shri Nilamani Routray the Leader of the Janata party became the Chief Minister on the 26th June, 1977. Shri Chintamani Panigrahi, Leader of the Congress Legislature Party was the Leader of the Opposition and continued as such till the 20th February, 1978. Indian National Congress suffered second split in 1978. Indian National Congress (I) with 15 members was recognized a Legislature Party on the 20th February, 1978 and its Leader Shri Brundaban Nayak was declared Leader of Opposition. The other faction subsequently came to be known as Congress (U) There was split in the Janata party on the 13th September, 1979. Janata (O) Legislature Party with 28 members was given recognition and its leader Shri Prahallad Mallick was declared Leader of the Oposition on the 3rd September, 1979 and he continued as such till the 13th February, 1980.Janata (O) Legislature Party was renamed Janata Legislature Party and the Janata Party in power was renamed Lok Dal Legislature Party on the 13th February, 1980. Shri Ananta Narayan Singh Deo of Janata Legislature Party was declared on the same day, the Leader of Opposition in place of Shri Prahallad Mallick. Shri Satyapriya Mohanty was the Speaker and Shri Surendra Nath Nayak was the Deputy Speaker of the Seventh Assembly.

The State was put under President’s Rule on the 17th February, 1980 and the House was dissolved. The Seventh Assembly had all total 7 sessions with 121 sitting days and it was dissolved on 17th February, 1980.

1980 - Eigth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The election for the Eighth Assembly was held on the 31st May, 1980 and the new Assembly was constituted with effect from the 9th June, 1980. Election for Nimapara Constituency was countermanded due to death of the candidate. Members took oath on the 11th and 12th June, 1980 and Shri Prasanna Kumar Dash was protem Speaker. The first session was commenced on the 30th June, 1980. As per the result of the election, the party position in Orissa Legislative Assembly was as follows:


Indian National Congress 117
Janata (S) 13
Janata(J.P.)(Ch.C.Singh) 3
C.P.I 4
Indian National Congress (U) 2
Independents 7
Vacant 1
Total 147

Shri Janaki Ballav Patanik, the Leader of the Congress (I) became the Chief Minister on the 9th June, 1980. At that time he was not the Member of the House. In the bye-election Shri Patnaik was elected from Athagarh Constituency. Shri Biju Patnaik, Janata (CS) elected both from Patkura Assembly Constituency and Kendrapara Parliamentary Constituency, resigned on the 11th June, 1980 as a member of the Assembly. Shri Rasananda Sahoo, Congress (I) Member form Athagarh Constituency resigned on the 7th October, 1980 to make way for election of Shri J.B Patnaik. In the Bye-election for three seats held on the 23rd November, 1980, two seats (Athagarh and Nimapara ) went to the Congress (I) and one seat (Patkura)to Janata (CS). Shri Somnath Rath was unanimously elected as Speaker on the 12th June, 1980 and Shri Himansu Sekhar Padhi was elected Deputy Speaker on the 2nd July, 1980. Shri Rath resigned on the 11th February, 1984 and joined the Council of Ministers. Shri Prasanna Kumar Dash was elected as Speaker on the 22nd February, 1984.None of the Opposition Parties secured the requisite number of seats to form a recognised Opposition Party. With resignation of 2 members from the Lok Dal, the party had 11 members in the Legislature. Consequent upon the merger of Janata (CS) or Lok Dal and Janata (J.P.) the new party came to be known as the Janata Legislature party with 14 members on the 23rd February, 1983. Shri Sarat Deb was the leader of the Janata Legislature Party. However, on the 2nd April, 1984 an United Front Legislature Party with the Members of the Janata party and some members of C.P.I. was formed with Shri Sarat Deb (Janata) as its Leader. As the Front had the requisite number to from the Parliamentary Party, Shri Deb was declared the Leader of opposition. Subsequently the members of C.P.I. withdrew from the Front, but as some members of the Democratic Socialist Party joined the Front, the status of the Leader of the opposition was not affected. On the 5th September, 1984 Democratic Socialist Party came into being in the legislature with two members who had resigned from Congress (I). The Eighth Assembly had total 10 sessions with 176 sitting days and it was dissolved on the 9th March, 1985. The Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers resigned on the same day.

1985 - Ninth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election for the Ninth Assembly was held on the 5th March, 1985 for 145 seats (out of 147 seats), since elections for Kakatpur and Keonjhar seats were countermanded due to death of the contesting candidates. Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, who was elected from both Athagarh and Khurda Constituencies, resigned his membership from Khurda Constituency on the 15th March, 1985.

As per the results of the election for 145 seats, the Party position in the Assembly was as below :


Indian National Congress 117
Janata Party 19
C.P.I 1
B.J.P 1
Independents 7
Vacant 2
Total 147

The new Assembly was constituted on the 9th March, 1985.Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, the Leader of the Congress Legislature Party was sworn in as the Chief Minister on the 10th March, 1985 and five Cabinet Ministers and ten Ministers of State were sworn in on the 12th March, 1985. Shri Shradhakar Supakar was the Protem Speaker.The newly elected members took oath on the 13th March, 1985. The first Session of the Ninth Assembly commenced on the 14th March, 1985. Shri Prasanna Kumar Dash, the Speaker of the dissolved Assembly was unanimously elected as the Speaker on the 14th March, 1985 and Shri Chintamani Dyan Samantra was unanimously elected as Deputy Speaker on the 18th March, 1985.

Shri Biju Patnaik, the Leader of the Janata Party, was declared the Leader of the Opposition on the 22nd March, 1985.In the bye-election held on the 24th April, 1985, two seats (Kakatpur and Keonjhar Constituencies) went to Janata Party candidates and one seat (Khurda Constituency) went to an Independent candidate. Shri Bhabendra Nath Majhi, a sitting Congress (I) Member from Rairangpur Constituency, expired on the 3rd March, 1986 and Shri Chaitanya Prasad Majhi, Janata Party candidate, was elected in the bye-election held on the 23rd November, 1986. Shri Purna Chandra Mahananda another sitting Congress (I) Member from Titilagarh Constituency expired on the 18th May, 1989. Shri Bhajaman Behera, Congress (I) Member (Talcher) ceased to be a Member of the House under Anti-Defection Act, with effect from the 15th September, 1989. Shri Trilochan Kanungo, Independent Member (Govindpur) resigned on the 15th September, 1989 from his Membership. Four sitting Members (Three from Janata Dal and one Independent) also resigned from their membership on the 6th and 7th December, 1989, as they were elected to Lok Sabha in the General Election held on the 24th November, 1989. Shri Raj Kishore Pradhan, Congress (I) (Deogarh) and Shri Bibhudhendra Pratap Das, Congress (I) (Pallahara) resigned on the 30th December, 1989 from their membership.Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, Chief Minister resigned on the 7th December, 1989 and Shri Hemananda Biswal became the Chief Minister on the same day. The Assembly had all total 11 sessions with 188 sitting days and the Ninth Assembly was dissolved on the 3rd March, 1990.

1990 - Tenth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election to the Tenth Assembly was held on the 27th February, 1990.As per the result of the election, the party position in the Assembly was as follows:


Janata Dal 123
Indian National Congress 10
B.J.P 2
C.P.I(M) 1
C.P.I 5
Independents 6
Total 147

On the 1st March, 1990, the elected Member from Dhamnagar Constituency expired. In the bye-election held for the Dhamnagar Constituency on the 29th April, 1990 Janata Dal candidate was returned to the House.The new House was constituted on the 3rd March, 1990. Shri Biju Patnaik, Leader of the Janata Dal became the Chief Minister on the 5th March, 1990. Shri Ghasiram Majhi was the Speaker protem. He administered Oath to the newly elected Members on the 6th and 7th March, 1990. Shri Yudhisthir Das was unanimously elected as the Speaker on the 9th March, 1990. On the 22nd March, 1990, Shri Prahlad Dora was elected unanimously as Deputy Speaker. The members from Bahalada and Bangiriposi Constituencies took oath on the 28th March, 1990. The first session of the 10th Assembly was held from the 19th March, 1990 to the 29th March, 1990.

None of the Opposition Parties secured requisite number of seats, as a result of which in the Tenth Assembly, there was no recognised Opposition Party. Shri Arjun Charan Sethi (Bhandaripokhari) and Shri Braja Kishore Tripathy (Puri), both Janata Dal Members resigned from their membership on the 30th June, 1991 and 1st July, 1991, respectively, as they were elected in the General Election held on the 15th June, for Tenth Lok Sabha.Shri Nikunja Bihari Singh, a sitting Member of Janata Dal from Bijepur Constituency expired on the 24th August, 1991. In the bye-election held on the 16th November, 1991 for Bhandaripokhari, Puri and Bijepur Constituencies, Janata Dal candidates were elected from all the three Assembly Constituencies. Shri Radhakanta Sethi, an elected Member from C.P.I. (M) Party informed on the 19th September, 1991 to work as Independent Member in the Assembly and subsequently on the 4th March, 1992 informed to work as Member of the Orissa Communist Party. The membership of Shri Sudam Chandra Marandi elected from Bangiriposi Constituency ceased with effect from the 7th January, 1992 under Article 190 (3) of the Constitution for a period of 3 years.

On the 2nd April, 1992, Shri Naka Kanaya, the elected Member from Malkangiri Constituency was expired. In the bye-election held for this Constituency on the 8th June, 1992, Shri Arabinda Dhali was returned to the House as Bharatiya Janata Party candidate.On the 17th October, 1992, Shri Trinath Nayak, the elected Member from Hindol Constituency and a Minister, was expired. In the bye-election held for this constituency on the 19th May, 1993, Smt. Patta Nayak was elected to the House as Janata Dal candidate. Shri Kumar Behera, elected Member from Bhatli (S.C.) Constituency was declared to be disqualified to hold the membership under the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution of India as he resigned from the party, w.e.f., the 1st December, 1994.

Shri Biswa Bhusan Harichandan, elected Member from Chilka constituency and Shri Jagannath Mallick, elected Member from Jajpur (S.C.) Constituency resigned their seats and their resignations were accepted by the Speaker, w.e.f., the 6th November, 1994 and the 16th November, 1994, respectively.Consequent upon the expulsion from the primary membership of Janata Dal, the Speaker treated Shri Sarat Chandra Paikray, elected Member from Jatni Constituency, Shri Chandra Madhab Mishra, elected Member from Satyabadi Constituency and Shri Uma Ballav Rath, elected Member from Puri Constituency as Independent members of the House, w.e.f., the 25th January, 1995.The Assembly had all total 17 sessions with 239 sitting days and was dissolved on the 15th March, 1995.

1995 - Eleventh Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election to the Eleventh Orissa Legislative Assembly was held on the 7th March, 1995 for 71 Constituencies and on the 9th March, 1995 for 76 Constituencies. As per the result of the elections the party position in the Assembly was as follows:


        Indian National Congress 80
        Janata Dal 46
        Bharatiya Janata Party 9
        Jharakhand Mukti Morcha 4
        Jharakhand Peoples’ Party 1
        Communist Party of India 1
Total 147

Shri Ghasiram Majhi, M.L.A. was appointed as Protem Speaker on the 19th March, 1995 to perform the duties of the Office of the Speaker until a Speaker is elected. He administered oath to the newly elected Members of the Eleventh Orissa Legislative Assembly on the 20th, 21st and 22nd March, 1995.

Shri Kishore Chandra Patel was unanimously elected as the Speaker of the Orissa Legislative Assembly on the 22nd March, 1995 and Shri Chintamani Dyan Samantra was unanimously elected as the Deputy Speaker of the Orissa Legislative Assembly on the 28th March, 1995.Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, Leader of the Indian National Congress Party was sworn in as the Chief Minister on the 15th March, 1995. At that time he was not the Member of the House. On the same day, Shri Basanta Kumar Biswal, M.L.A. and Shri Hemananda Biswal, M.L.A. were sworn in as Deputy Chief Minister alongwith two Cabinet Ministers. On the 20th March, 1995, 8 Cabinet Ministers and 9 Ministers of State were included in the Council of Ministers. There was an extension of the council of ministers on 14 th January 1996 that inducted 2 cabinet Ministers and 5 Ministers of State. Included in the new cabinet was the speaker of assembly Mr. Kishore Chandra Patel. Shri Kishore Chandra Patel, thus resigned from his office with effect from the14th January, 1996 and joined the Council of Ministers.

Shri Chintamani Dyan Samantra, Deputy Speaker, Orissa Legislative Assembly assumed duties of the Speaker on the same day and resigned from the Office of Deputy Speaker with effect from the 12th February, 1996 in order to contest the Office of Speaker. Since both the posts of Speaker and Deputy Speaker were vacant, the Governor of Orissa appointed Shri Ghasiram Majhi, M.L.A. to conduct the election of the Speaker. The election was held on the 16th February, 1996 and Shri Chintamani Dyan Samantra was elected as the Speaker of the Orissa Legislative Assembly by defeating Smt. V. Sugnana Kumari Deo, M.L.A. The Office of the Deputy Speaker was lying vacant with effect from the 12th February, 1996 after resignation of Shri Chintamani Dyan Samantra. In a meeting of the Orissa Legislative Assembly held on the 15th March, 1996, Shri Bibhuti Bhusan Singh Mardaraj was unanimously elected as the Deputy Speaker of the Orissa Legislative Assembly.

On the 9th May, 1998 Shri Hemananda Biswal, Deputy Chief Minister resigned from the Council of Ministers.On the 12th February, 1999 Shri J.B. Patnaik, Chief Minister resigned but continued till the 17th February, 1999 till alternative arrangement was made. Dr. Giridhar Gamang took charge as Chief Minister, Orissa on the 17th February, 1999.On the 22nd February, 1999, 12 Cabinet Ministers, 5 Ministers of State (Independent Charge) and 7 Ministers of State sworn in as Council of Ministers and on the 24th February, 1999 another 2 Ministers of States were included in the Council of Ministers.

On the 6th December, 1999 Dr. Giridhar Gamang, Chief Minister resigned and Shri Hemananda Biswal became the Chief Minister. Shri Basanta Kumar Biswal and Shri Jagannath Patnaik were sworn in as Cabinet Minister on the same day. On the 9th December, 1999, 11 Cabinet Ministers, 8 Ministers of State (Independent Charge) and 8 Ministers of State were sworn in as Council of Ministers and again on the 11th December, 1999, Dr. Debendra Nath Mansingh, M.L.A. was included in the Council.

On the 7th February, 2000 Shri Raghunath Patnaik, Minister resigned from Council of Minister.On the 26th February, 2000 Shri Hemananda Biswal, Chief Minister resigned, but continued till the 5th March, 2000.

Shri Biju Patnaik, M.L.A., the Leader of the Janata Dal Legislature Party was declared as the Leader of Opposition on 23rd March, 1995 and ceased to continue as such with effect from the 20th May, 1996 on being elected to Lok Sabha. Shri Ashok Kumar Das, M.L.A. the Leader of the Janata Dal Legislature Party was declared as the Leader of Opposition on the 22nd May, 1996 and continued till the 18th December, 1997.

Following the demise of Biju pattnaik, there was a split in the Janta Dal and a new legislature party names “Biju Janta Dal” was formed consisting 28 members. Hon’ble Speaker recognised the Party on the 18th December, 1997. The Leader of the Biju Janata Dal, Shri Ramakrushna Patnaik was declared as the Leader of Opposition on 22nd February, 1998 and continued up to 16th November, 1998. Shri Prafulla Samal, M.L.A. was declared as Leader of the Biju Janata Dal Legislature Party and the Hon’ble Speaker recognised him as Leader of Opposition with effect from 16th November, 1998. He continued as such up to 1st December, 1998. On the 11th December, 1998, Shri Satchidananda Dalal, M.L.A. and the Leader of Biju Janata Dal was declared as Leader of Opposition in the House.

2000 – Twelfth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election to the Twelfth Orissa Legislative Assembly was held on the 17th February, 2000 for 70 constituencies and on the 22nd February, 2000 for 77 constituencies. As per the result of the elections the party position in the Assembly was as follows :


Biju Janata Dal 68
B.J.P 38
Indian National Congress 26
JMM 3
Janata Dal (S) 1
CPI(M) 1
CPI 1
All India Trinamool Congress(T.M.C) 1
        Independents 8
Total 147

The Twelfth Orissa Legislative Assembly was constituted on the 29th February, 2000.

Shri Habibulla Khan, M.L.A. was appointed as Protem Speaker on the 6th March, 2000 to perform the duties of the office of Speaker until a Speaker is elected. He administered Oath to the elected Members of the Twelfth Orissa Legislative Assembly on the 7th and 8th March, 2000.Shri Sarat Kumar Kar and Shri Rama Chandra Panda was unanimously elected as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Orissa .Legislative Assembly on the 10 th March, 2000 and 27th March, 2000 respectively.

Shri Naveen Patnaik, the Leader of the Biju Janata Dal Legislature Party was sworn in as Chief Minister alongwith 14 Cabinet Ministers, 6 Ministers of States (Independent) and 4 Minister of State on the 5th March, 2000. On the 9th July 2001 Dr. (Mrs) Kamala Das and Shri Nalini Kanta Mohanty (both Cabinet Ministers) and Shri Prasanta Nanda, Minister of State (Independent) ceased to be member of the Council of Minister. On the 6th August, 2002 Shri Adwait Prasad Singh (Cabinet Minister), Shri Duryodhan Majhi, Minister of State (Independent) and Shri Debi Prasad Minishra and Shri Amar Prasad Satpathy, Minister of State resigned from the Council of Ministers. On the same day four Cabinet Ministers, two Ministers of State (Independent Charge) and two Ministers of State were included in the Council of Ministers. On the 7th August, 2002 Shri Ramakrushna Patnaik, Minister resigned from the Council of Ministers.

Shri Ramakanta Mishra, M.L.A., the leader of the Indian National Congress Legislature Party was recognized as the Leader of Opposition with effect from the 21st March, 2000.

2004 – Thirteenth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The General Election to the Thirteenth Orissa Legislative Assembly was held on the 20th April, 2004 for 77 Constituencies and on the 26th April, 2004 for 70 Candidates. As per the result of the elections the Party position in the Assembly was as follows:


Biju Janata Dal 68
Indian National Congress 38
B.J.P 32
JMM 4
Orissa Gana Parishad 2
CPI 1
CPI(M) 1
        Independents 8
Total 147

The Thirteenth Orissa Legislative Assembly was constituted on the 15th May 2004.Shri Habibulla Khan, M.L.A. was appointed as Protem Speaker on the 18th May 2004 to perform the duties of the Office of the Speaker until a Speaker's elected. He administered Oath to the elected Members of the Thirteenth Orissa Legislative on the 19th and 20th May 2004.Shri Maheswar Mohanty and Shri Prahlad Dora were elected as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Orissa Legislative Assembly on the 21st May 2004 and 3rd July 2004 respectively. Shri Mohanty resigned on 31st March, 2008. Shri Kishore Kumar Mohanty was elected Speaker on the 19th August, 2008

Shri Naveen Patnaik, the Leader of the Biju Janata Dal Legislature Party was sworn in as Chief Minister along with 14 Cabinet Ministers and 1 Ministers of State on the 16th May 2004.On the 26th July 2004 Smt. Pramila Mallik, Cabinet Minister of Women and Child Development tendered her resignation and her portfolios were allotted to the Chief Minister. She was rein ducted to the Cabinet with the same portfolios on the 22nd September 2004.

On the 23rd March 2006 Shri Rabi Narayan Nanda, Minister of State, Science & Technology (Independent Charge) and Water Resources tendered his resignation and his portfolios were allotted to the Chief Minister. On the 25th April 2006 Shri Kalindi Behera, Minister, Scheduled Tribes & Scheduled Castes Development (Scheduled Castes Development), Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare and Excise tendered his resignation and the portfolios were temporarily allotted to Shri Padmanabha Behera, Minister of Steel & Mines and Parliamentary Affairs. On the 29th April 2006 Shri Pradipta Kumar Naik, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Labor & Employment tendered his resignation and the portfolio was allocated to Shri Jayanarayan Mishra, Minister of State, Commerce & Transport (Independent Charge).

On the 17th May, 2006 Dr. Damodar Rout, Minister, Panchayati Raj & Culture, Shri Bijayashree Routray, Minister, Health and Family Welfare, Shri Balabhadra Majhi, Minister of State (Independent Charge) ST & SC Development (ST Development) and Shri Nagendra Kumar Pradhan, Minister of State (Independent Charge), School and Mass Education tendered their resignation and the following persons were inducted to the Council of Ministers;

Cabinet Ministers

  • Shri C.P. Majhi
  • Shri Raghunath Mohanty
  • Shri Bishnu Charan Das

Minister of State (Independent Charge)

  • Shri Duryodhan Majhi
  • Shri Debi Prasad Mishra
  • Shri Sanjeev Kumar Sahoo

Leader of Opposition

Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik, M.L.A., the Leader of the Indian National Congress Legislature Party was recognized as the Leader of the Opposition on the 4th June, 2004 has ceased from 24.01.2009 and Shri Ulaka Ramachandra has been recognized as the Leader of the Opposition from 24.01.2009.

2009 – Fourteenth Assembly of Orissa Legislative Council

The elections for the fourteenth assembly election were held in 2009 in three phases in the state. As per the results, the party position was as under:


B.J.D 108
Congress 25
C.P.I 8
C.P.I (M) 0
JMM 0
OGP 0
Independents 0
Others 5
Total 147

Mr. Naveen Patnaik was administered the oath as the chief minister on 21st May 2009 alongwith eleven ministers of cabinet rank and nine are ministers of state rank by the Governor of Orissa Mr.M C Bhandare.

The assembly is in progress.