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About Ganjam

Map of Ganjam District of OrissaGanjam district based on to the southern part of the state is one of the advanced district of Orissa. Situated between 19.4 degree north latitude to 20.17 degree north latitude and 84.7 degre east longitude to 85.12 degree east longitude, Ganjam covers an area of 9499.7 sq.km of which 4,34,000 hectares are cultivable land.

Geography of Ganjam

Ganjam district is broadly divided into two divisions:

  • The coastal plains area in the east
  • The hill and table lands in the west.

The coastal plains: The Eastern Ghats run along the western side of the district. The plains lie between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. Since the hills are close to the sea, the rivers flowing from hills are not very long and are subject to sudden floods. The plains are narrow because of the absence of big rivers. The coastal plains in the east contain more fertile and irrigated lands. Towards the centre and south it is hilly with beautiful well watered valley. The south eastern portion is fertile. The extreme north east is occupied by a portion of the famous Chilika lake.

The hill and table lands: Ganjam remains flanked by the Eastern Ghats which run along the western side.The hills remain close to the sea and give rise to many small rivers and waterways.

Ganjam is characterized by an equable temperature throughout the year which is characterized by high humidity. The cold season from December to February is followed by hot season from March to May. The period from June to September marks the onset of South West Monsoon and 70% of annual precipitation is received during this period. The normal rain fall of this district is 1444 mms. May is the hotest month. With the arrival of the monsoon by about the second week of june the day temperature decreases slightly while the night temperature continue as it was in the summer. Towards the end of September, after the withdrawal of south west monsoon, temperature decreases progressively. December is the coldest month.

Rivers like Rushikulya, Dhanei, Bahuda, Ghoda Hada are the prominent ones which govern the agriculture and power sectors of the district. The vast river basin of Rushikulya provides Grand potential for exploitation of ground water. How ever the rivers only navigable during the rain season only. Alluvial soil in the eastern part of the district and laterite in the Western part make it viable for cultivation of different crops.

 

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