Orissa News

Sir Richard Clement Atlee liquidated teh British rule in IndiaThe end of the World War in 1945, brought in a new government in the Great Britain headed by Sir Richard clement Atlee .He was quick to realize the realities of the Indian situation and decided to liquidate power in the subcontinent. General elections were held to Indian Legslatures in 1946. In Orissa, the Congress Party won 47 seats out of 60 seats and formed its ministry under the leadership of Harekrushna Mahtab. The other ministers of the Mahtab Cabinet were Nabakrushna Choudhury, Pandit Lingaraj Misra, Nityananda Kanungo and Radhakrushna Biswasroy. With the independence in August 1947 the issue of the merger of the states was taken up immediately for which the grounds had long been prepared by the Praja Mandal Movements. The leaders of Orissa and of India could not have allowed the princely chiefs to continue to rule as before. Hare Krushna Mahtab, therefore, took the initiative for the merger of the states without any further delay. The unrest in the ex-state of Nilagiri forced him to intervene and the ex-state was merged with Orissa in November 1947. This alarmed the other rules while it encouraged the people to stand up boldly for their political emancipation. The developing crisis made the central intervention imperative, and Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel came to Orissa in December 1947. His statesmanship and strength bore result when all the princely states, except Mayurbhanj, signed the agreement handing over the administration of their states to the Government of India in perpetuity. The princely states, thus, except Mayurbhanj, were amalgamated with Orissa with effect from 1 st January, 1948. Mayurbhanj, too, was merged with Orissa a year later. However, the two Oriya-speaking ex-states of Seraikela and Kharsawan were placed under Bihar in spite of strong resentment from the entire Oriya-speaking population.