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About Cuttack

Map of Cuttack District of OrissaBetter known as the Business capital of Orissa, Cuttack is one of the oldest city in the country. Situated between the rivers Mahanadi and Kathajodi, Cuttack is famous world over for filigree works on gold and silver, horn and brass work, silk and cotton textiles and leather works. Also known as the Millennium city,it lies in close proximity to Bhubaneswar,Puri and Konark.Established in the year 989 A.D.,it remained the capital of Orissa for nine centuries till 1948 when Bhubaneswar was made the capital city.

Geography

Situated between 84°58' to 86°20' east longitude and 20°03' to 20°40' north latitude, the district of Cuttack covers 3932 sq.km. The District of Ctttack lies in the centre of Orissa, occupying the deltas of the Mahanadi and Brahmani, together with a hilly tract inland. It consists of three physical divisions:

  • The marshy woodland strip
  • The intermediate stretch of rice plains
  • The broken hilly region that forms the western boundary of the district.

The Marshy Woodland Strip

The marshy strip of land along the coastal regions of Cuttack is covered with swamps and malaria-breeding jungles. Towards the sea the solid land is replaced with a vast network of streams and creeks, whose sluggish waters keep on depositing silt, and forming quicksand. The intermediate rice plains stretch inland for about 40 m. and occupy the older part of the delta between the sea-coast strip and the hilly frontier. They are intersected by three large rivers, the Baitarani, Brahmani and Mahanadi. These rivers run through the heart of the Orissa mainland forming three gorges in the frontier hills. The Cuttack delta is divided into two great valleys, one of them lying between the Baitarani and the Brahmani,'the other between the Brahmani and the Mahanadi.

This valley is inundated with waters during the period of monsson creating a network of a thousand channels that interlace and establish communication between the main streams. After numerous bifurcations they find their way into the sea by three principal mouths. Silt-banks and surf-washed bars render the entrance to these rivers perilous. The best harbour in Cuttack district is at False Point, on the north of the Mahanadi estuary.

The Intermediate tract

The intermediate tract is a region of rich cultivation, dotted with great banyan trees, thickets of bamboos, exquisite palm foliage and mango groves.

The Broken Hilly Tract

The hilly frontier separates the delta region from the rest of the land. It consists of a series of ranges, 10 to 15 m. in length, running nearly due east and west, with densely-wooded slopes and lovely valleys between. They are very steep, and covered with jungle.The most interesting of them are the Assa range is laden with sandal trees.The historically important monument of Udayagiri (Sunrise-hill), with its colossal image of Buddhais found in this range.

The city experiences a hot and humid climate in Summer, characterized by temperature going up as high as above 40 °C and a dry and cold climate in Winter, with mercury dipping to as low as below 10 °C. Summer starts at the end of March, the effect of which is felt till the middle of June when monsoon sets in. Monsoon rains lash the city during September to middle of October and supply most of the city's annual average rainfall of 144.39 cm.Winter season, between November and beginning of January is characterized by wind chill from north and long nights when sun sets in around 5:30 p.m. IST in December. Winter is not so harsh here. Between middle of January to the middle of March, the climate is pleasant with temperatures ranging a minimum of 22.2 °C and a maximum of 33.4 °C, which is ideal to visit the city.

 

 

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