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Bhadrak

About BhadrakDistrict Map of Bhadrak

Located between 21.0667 and 21° 4' 0N Latitude and 86.5000 and 86° 30' 0E Longitude covering a landmass of 1721 Sq.km., Bhadrak is one of the important coastal districts of Orissa . It is flanked by the districts of Kendujhar to its west, Balasore to its north and Jajpur and Kendrapara to its south, while the Bay of Bengal formed its eastern border. The district was carved out of the undivided Balasore region on 1st April 1993 vide Government in Revenue Department Notification No. DRC-44/93.14218/R dated 27th March 1993.

Geographical Subdivisions

The district of Bhadrak is subdivided into two broad tracks

  • The Salt tracks along the coast that is not arable
  • The arable tracts of the state

It is the arable tract of the district, that being suitable for cultivation that its granaries. This arable tract is well irrigated by rivers like Baitarani, Salandi, Gamei, Kansabans, Mantei, Kochila, Genguti, Reba and Kapali. Although irrigated nicely by these network of rivers that cris-cross across its heart, a major part of the district also depend on rain water for agricultural activities. Per the agro climatic conditions, the district is subdivided into the following broad categories:

  • Rain fed Zone: These are the interior regions of the district that do not have access to river or canal system or irrigation and depend on the rains for carrying on with their agricultural activities.
  • Perennial irrigated Zone: These regions are situated near to the river or are irrigated by a network of canals that bring in plenty of water for irrigation purposes.
  • Flooded Zone: These regions lay on the immediate vicinity of the river plains and generally bear the brunt of floods in the monsoon seasons.
  • Saline Zone: These are the coastal regions of the district and are near the seabed. These regions are sandy and not that suitable for agriculture.

The district is further subdivided on the basis of soil condition into the following sub categories :

  • Saline Soil
  • Sandy Soil
  • Alluvial Soil

Climate

The climate of this Bhadrak district in Orissa  is generally hot with high humidity. April-May are hottest month n the year with temperature going past 42°C on some days. Occurrence of death due to sunstroke and extreme heat in the district is regular in summers. December is the coldest month of this district. Monsoon generally comes during the month of June. The rainfall during June to October constitutes at least 75% of the actual rainfall of this district. Tornadoes are a common feature during the monsoon and rainfall coupled with heavy thunder showers are a common feature. Average rainfall of the district is 1427.9mm.

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